He got married to Marie Gaudelet on July 8th, 1862. Video. Gustave Eiffel est un ingénieur et entrepreneur français de la fin du XIXe siècle, essentiellement connu pour la réalisation de la tour qui porte son nom, à Paris. After his retirement from the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, Eiffel went on to do important work in meteorology and aerodynamics. The components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, were first bolted together, the bolts being replaced by rivets as construction progressed. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. Biographie de Gustave Eiffel sur le site officiel de l'Association des Descendants de Gustave Eiffel, avec sa généalogie descendante. [6] He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. In his speech at the presentation of the medal, Alexander Graham Bell said:[39], ...his writings upon the resistance of the air have already become classical. [18] One of these, a pavilion for the Paris Gas Company, was Eiffel's first collaboration with Stephen Sauvestre, who was later to become the head of the company's architectural office. [37] Eiffel's interest in these areas was a consequence of the problems he had encountered with the effects of wind forces on the structures he had built. In 1857, Nepveu got a contract for construction of a railway bridge over the river Garonne, Bordeaux, and Eiffel was given the job of assembling the metalwork. [25] Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower. Various parts of the project were manufactured in France and shipped to the site to be assembled there. Eiffel's importance as an engineer was twofold. He got his first paid job as the secretary of Charles Nepveu, a railway engineer. Gustave eiffel par Mathieu Ferret - Guillaume Biasse aux éditions Quelle histoire. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct. A proposal to demolish the railway bridge of Bordeaux (also known as the "passerelle St Jean"), the first major work of Gustave Eiffel, resulted in a large response from the public. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. Every night, 20,000 bulbs light up the Eiffel Tower, creating the famous evening skyline we all know so well. (Lithograph by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son) AGE, one of the chief architects behind the Eiffel Tower: 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923. Create a free family tree for yourself or for Gustave Eiffel and we’ll search for valuable new information for you. Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. He built an aerodynamic laboratory in 1905 at the base of the tower and in 1909 constructed his first ever wind tunnel there. His contribution to the science of aerodynamics is probably of equal importance to his work as an engineer. As his mother had to look after the business, he spent most of his childhood with his grandmother. The family came from a region near the Eifel Mountains and adopted the name ‘Eiffel’. Having reached the end of their useful lives, 450 of these bulbs have been taken down and made into outstanding ornaments. He earned a contract in 1887 for building locks for the Panama Canal. His technical innovations were path breaking (specially prefabrication of cantilever constructions). 1877: His wife and mother, Catherine Eiffel, died. The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. Many of the buildings of the exhibition were constructed by him. At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. Kanggé mèngeti 100 taun Révolusi Prancis. Educação Gustave Eiffel, em 1843, estudou no Colégio Sainte-Barbe, um dos mais antigos de Paris. One of his noted books on aerodynamics among the many he wrote is ‘Resistance of the Air and Aviation’. This completes the purpose of the association which is to make Gustave Eiffel known to a wide audience. Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including Nouguier, Compagnon, the President of the City Council and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré completed the climb. You can see in these pictures the Eiffel Tower built by the villagers on the edge of château PICCIONI, when Gustave Eiffel came to his daughter Valentine's house.. 7 avr. Signature modifier Gustave Eiffel , né Bonickhausen dit Eiffel le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris , est un ingénieur centralien et un industriel français , qui a notamment participé à la construction de la tour Eiffel à Paris , du viaduc de Garabit et de la statue de la Liberté à New York . "[35] The company changed its name to La Société Constructions Levallois-Perret, with Maurice Koechlin as managing director. The Exposition Universelle in 1878 firmly established his reputation as one of the leading engineers of the time. The most renowned work that brought him international fame and cemented his name in history was the ‘Eiffel Tower’ of Paris. Gustave Eiffel. Because his name is inextricably linked to that too-famous symbol of Paris, Gustave Eiffel rarely gets credit for the many other feats of civil engineering that made him one of the greatest innovators of his time. He was involved in the construction and designs of many buildings and structures including ‘Cathedral of San Pedro de Tacna’, Peru, the ‘Grand Hotel Traian’ in Iaşi, Romania, Konak Pier in İzmir, Turkey and ‘Catedral de Santa María’ in Chiclayo, Peru. Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. Sa grande Dame de fer fête ses 130 ans cette année, mais c'est un héritage beaucoup plus vaste et méconnu que nous laisse Gustave Eiffel. Champs; Ingénierie, chimie, industrie, architecture Institutions; Collège Sainte-Barbe, Diplôme École centrale Paris, promotion 1855. Émile Nouguier (17 February 1840 – 23 November 1897) was a French civil engineer and architect. He enrolled at the ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ and studied chemistry. Early Life. Birthplace: Dijon, France Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains. He was born on December 15, 1832 in Dijon, France and died on December 27, 1923 in Rue Rabelais, Paris at the age of 91. Specialista in strutture metalliche, divenne famoso per la costruzione della Torre Eiffel in occasione dell' Esposizione Universale di Parigi del 1889 Storia della vita di Gustave Eiffel, ingegnere francese. Enfants de Genviève Émilie« Marguerite » GAUDELET et Gustave EIFFEL: Albert EIFFEL (1873 – 1941) Claire EIFFEL (1863 – 1934) Édouard EIFFEL (1866 – 1933) Laure EIFFEL (1864 – 1958) Valentine EIFFEL (1870 – 1966) The couple remained married for fifteen years and had five children together (three girls, and two boys) before Marie caught pneumonia and died in 1887. He was buried in the family tomb in Levallois-Perret Cemetery. Dijon, (France). Choose from thousands of Alexandre Gustave Eiffel artworks. He attends the Dijon high school and success-fully passes his Baccalaureat. Sa fille ainée Claire, qui le secondera également dans son travail, reprend dès lors les rênes de la famille. You are currently browsing articles tagged Gustave Eiffel. Appendix 1 Works by Eiffel's Company; Appendix 2 Eiffel's Honoured Scientists; Appendix 3 Films Featuring the Eiffel Tower; Notes and References; Bibliography. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born on Dec. 15, 1832, and grew up in Dijon, the capital of Burgundy. Some work had already been carried out by Eugène Viollet-Le-Duc, but he had died in 1879. On October 6, 1868, he along with Théophile Seyrig formed the company ‘Eiffel et Cie’ and received several important projects. Elevé dans la mémoire directe du grand homme dès sa naissance, Philippe Coupérie Eiffel, sous l’impulsion de sa mère Florence Coupérie, l’ainée de la branche Valentine Valentine EIFFEL, a fondé avec sa sœur Virginie, l’association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. 5. Later from March 1860 Eiffel managed the whole project following Nepveu’s resignation. At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army; but shortly after his birth his mother expanded a charcoal business she had inherited from her parents to include a coal-distribution business, and soon afterwards his father gave up his job to assist her. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. A further appeal at the ‘Cour de Cassation’ however acquitted him of all charges and obligations. In 1875, Eiffel et Cie were given two important contracts, one for a new terminus for the line from Vienna to Budapest and the other for a bridge over the river Douro in Portugal. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). His researches, published in 1907 and 1911, on the resistance of the air in connection with aviation, are especially valuable. [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. On voit dans ces quelques photos la Tour Eiffel construite par les villageois aux abords du château PICCIONI, lors de la venue de Gustave Eiffel chez sa fille Valentine.. SUIVRE LE LIEN http://chezdudu.lo.gs/taphophilie-corse-a117903734 [19] Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. Post retirement from engineering he devoted the rest of his life in meteorology and aerodynamics. The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. Az … Gustave Eiffel : un ingénieur passionné. In Paris, on December, 27th 1923, Gustave Eiffel was listening to Bethoven's 5th symphony when he died from a cerebral hemorrhage.. These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. The Eiffel Tower is a marvel of modern architecture. Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Between 1892 and 1891 he compiled a complete set of meteorological readings, and later extended his record-taking to include measurements from 25 different locations across France. In order to carry out this work, Eiffel and Henri Treca, the director of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers,[14] conducted valuable research on the structural properties of cast iron, definitively establishing the modulus of elasticity applicable to compound castings. Garabit Viaduct was another creation designed and built by Eiffel for a while it was the tallest bridge in the world. The dome which was noted for its movable feature was the largest of its kind in the world at that time. Although he was simply a contractor, he was charged along with the directors of the project with raising money under false pretenses and misappropriation of funds. ;This is the story of Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and of the conception, and controversial construction of the tower that bears his name, perhaps the most famous tall building in the world.

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